Lines & Wrinkles
As we age the amount of collagen and elastin in our skin depletes so that are skin is not so plumped up and youthful. As our muscles move we produce intendations in the skin which can be seen as wrinkles at the corners of the eyes (crow’s feet) or between the eyebrows (frown lines) are thought to be caused by small muscle contractions. Over a lifetime, habitual facial expressions like frowning, smiling or squinting leave their mark on our skin.
How do facial lines and wrinkles form?
Facial lines and wrinkles (rhytides) form because of the following factors:
- Ageing processes
- Sun damage
- Muscle movement
- Other skin diseases with a tendency to scar (e.g. discoid lupus)
There is often a degree of asymmetry to the lines, as people tend to smile or frown more on one side than the other, or consistently sleep on the right or the left cheek.
Fine lines and wrinkles arise because of irregular thickening of the dermis and because of a decrease in the amount of water held by the epidermis. This is mainly caused by sun damage and exposure to environmental toxins particularly tobacco smoke.
Deeper lines or furrows are classified as dynamic or static. Dynamic lines appear with movement i.e. the activity of facial muscles. Static lines are unchanged with muscle movement. Eventually dynamic lines become static.
- Crow’s feet around the eyes are due to smiling and activity of the eyelid muscles (orbicularis oculi).
- Worry lines on the forehead are due to contraction of the frontalis muscle when raising the eyebrows
- Frown lines between the eyebrows are due to contraction of corrugator supercilii muscles and procerus muscle when concentrating or angry.
We recommend several treatments for lines and wrinkles depending on there severity.
Caci Non Surgical Face lift
Radio frequency skin tightening
Microdermabrasion and Oxygen therapy.
The list of professional treatments is endless and we always recommend a thorough in-depth consultation with one of our skin experts to assess the cause of the lines & wrinkles in order to prescribe the appropriate course of treatments..